Katima Mulilo Urban
Katima Mulilo Rural
The Caprivi is a heavily tropical area, with high temperatures
and much rainfall during the December-to-March rainy
season, making it the wettest region of Namibia. The
terrain is mostly made up of swamps, floodplains, wetland,
It also is home to
450 animal species, including elephants, making Caprivi
a popular game-watching spot. The wildlife is protected
by several nature reserves, such as Bwabwata, Mudumu,
Lizauli, West Caprivi Game Park, Mahango Game Reserve,
and Mamili National Park; animals travel freely across
the unmarked border with Botswana, where the Chobe National
Park lies. The strip is also a prime bird-watching area,
with almost 70 percent of bird species found in Namibia
being recorded here. Katima Mulilo is the largest city,
with other notable towns including Choi, Chinchimane,
Bukalo, Sibinda, and Impaliola.
In addition to
the Zambezi River, the strip also holds the Cuando and
Kwando River, which marks the border with Botswana.
Tributaries of the river here go by different names,
including the Linyata and the Chobe. The province's
far eastern is where the Cuando meets the Zambezi.
Because of the Caprivi's location, it is almost entirely
surrounded by foreign countries:
- In the northwest, it borders the
Cuando Cubango Province of Angola.
- In the north, it borders the Western
Province of Zambia.
- In the south, it borders the North-West
District of Botswana.
- Its only domestic border is a short
connection in the west with Okavango.
History and people
Caprivi was named after German Chancellor Leo von Caprivi,
who negotiated the land in an 1890 exchange with the
United Kingdom. Leo Von Caprivi arranged for Caprivi
to be annexed to German South-West Africa in order to
give Germany access to the Zambezi River as part of
the Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty.
About 80,000 people
live in Caprivi, about four percent of Namibia's population.
About 17,000 are part of the Lozi ethnic group of 556,000
people, who also live in western Zambia, northwest Zimbabwe
(70,000), and northern Botswana (14,000). According
to Ethnologue, the Lozi language is "spoken as
lingua franca by all East Caprivians."
There has been ethnic
tension between the Lozis and the Ovambos, the majority
ethnic group of northern Namibia. This has led to past
conflict, including the 1994 formation of the Caprivi
Liberation Front, which pushes for Caprivi-Lozi self-rule.
The region comprises
six constituencies: Kongola, Linyanti, Sibinda, Katima
Mulilo Urban, Katima Mulilo Rural, and Kabe.